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Photoshop, as everyone knows, is an image processing program. The most common image processing effects are Blend Mode. Although they are the most common, not everyone knows the principle on which they function.

What is Blend Mode in Photoshop?

Simply put: Blend fashion controls how the image will be projected on layer (layer) below it. Blend fashion is an experimental process, which means that its use can rarely be obtained from the rules and the first attempt to get an effect that corresponds to the desired goal. In this text, we will bring you closer to working in Blend fashion-in so that we can help you get to the desired results faster, and shorten your experimentation time.

How easier to understand?

To make the mixing process easier to understand, we will explain it like this:

  • Color Bases is the original or primary color in the image. It is the base or bottom layer to which one reacts. 
  • Color Mixtures (Blends) is the paint or top coat that is applied and edits the base coat
  • Color The result is the color that results from mixing

When we select one of the modes Blend fashion-and, we basically want the top layer to merge with the bottom based on what Blend fashion because of. This means that the pixels from the top layer will change the light and color on the layers below, depending on the mode we have selected. 

There are 27 species Blend fashion-a (Mixing mode), and for easier understanding Blend fashion is divided into 6 categories:

  • Normal (Normal) / no special mixing occurs, only opacity effects
  • Darken (Darkened) / the result obscures the image. The white color is invisible on the blend layer
  • Lighten (Illuminated) / The result illuminates the image. Black is invisible on the aperture layer
  • Contrast (Contrast) / result increases contrast. 50 percent of the gray color is invisible on the layer of the mixture 
  • Investment (Inversion) / the result is the creation of reverse effects
  • Component (Component) / result is deals with the colors of the image

In the following examples with the same two layers base i cover we will show the changes in Blend fashion-u.

Normal Mixing Modes

The mixing method in this category has no additional math and algorithms that mix pixels. Control "Opacity”We control the mixing between the layers. Mode "Normal”Does not actually mix the layers, but simply makes the top layer more transparent, ie. transparent, and thus reveals the layers below.

Normal

Normal mode is the default mode. The colors of the two layers will not be affected in any way and will display the full value of the colors in the layer.

Dissolves

Dissolves the blending mode also does not mix pixels. Dissolves mode detects pixels below only when reduced "Opacity”. In essence, this effect finds one of the applications in combination with "Blur”Effects. 

Darken Mixing Modes

As the name suggests, the result of mixing is that darker color tones become even darker. While the white color becomes invisible. And all tones darker than white will have some darkening effect.

Darken

Darken the blending mode does not separate the pixels, but only compares the color of the layer below and the color of the layer we are mixing, while keeping the darkest of them. And if the layer we mix and the color of the layer below it are the same then there is no change. 

Multiply

Multiply blending mode is one of the most popular ways to blend layers in Photoshop-u. Multiply means multiplication and so does this one Blend fashion multiplies the light of the base color by the layer with which it is mixed. The white color does not change, and the black pixels remain black. In essence, the resulting color is always darker.

Color Burn

Color Burn blending mode obscures the image below. It does this by adding contrast and lowering colors. This gives the painting a so-called burnt look. It reduces glare and its use results in saturated midtones, more precisely gray. 

This means that this blending mode looks at the color information on each RGB color channel and darkens the base color (base). To emphasize the color of the blend increases the contrast between the two layers. Mixing with white does not bring change.

Linear Burn

Linear Burn reduces the brightness of the base base color based on the blend color value. The result is darker than with Multiply blending mode, and gives the most contrast in darker colors than any other blending mode in the darken category. 

That means Linear Burn the mode darkens the base color and lowers the brightness to highlight the blending color. Mixing with white does not bring changes.

Darker Color

Darker Color the blending mode compares the base and color mixture, determines and shows the darker color. The difference between Darken mode and Darker color the mixing mode is that Darken mode looks at the composition of all RGB channels, while Darken Color watching each one individually to arrive at the final mixture.

Lighten Mixing Modes

Results in Lighten mixing modes are that everything that is black in the layer of the mixture will become invisible, and everything that is lighter than black will have a darkening effect on the layer below. These blending modes always choose a lighter color between the two layers.

Lighten

Lighten the blending mode examines the color of the base and the color of the mixture and keeps the color that is lighter. If the base colors and the mixing colors are the same then there will be no change. This means that no part of the image becomes darker.

Screen

Screen the mixing mode works on the opposite principle of Multiply regime. This means that the image will become brighter. Black and pure white do not change.

Color Dodge

Color Dodge blending mode ejects colors and reduces contrast. This blending mode touches the bottom layer with the top layer resulting in a brighter image so that no part of the image will be darkened.

Linear Dodge (Add)

Linear Dodge mixing mode works like Screen regime only the result is more intense. This means that this mode looks at the color information on each channel and illuminates the base color. base and to highlight the color of the mixture increases the brightness. Mixing with black does not bring changes.

Lighter Color

Lighter Color mode is the opposite of Darker Color regime. This means that this blending mode highlights a lighter color and dims darker tones.

Contrast Mixing Modes

Modes Contrast-a affect light and dark tones by choosing those that are more represented in the layers.

Overlay

Overlay mixing mode is one of the most common, it multiplies or displays colors depending on the base color, ie. base colors. The basic color is not replaced, but is mixed with the color of the mixture, ie. the top layer showing the brightness or darkness of the base color. This means that the darker areas become even darker, and the lighter ones become even lighter.  

Soft Light

Soft Light the mixing mode is reminiscent of Overlay mode, only with a softer way of mixing. It gives the result of lightening or darkening, depending on which shade is more present on the layers, and it will never give a completely black or white color. 

Hard Light

Hard Light the blending mode multiplies the colors that are darker, and displays those that are lighter.

Vivid Light

Vivid the blending mode burns or eludes colors by increasing or decreasing the contrast, depending on the blending color. If the color of the mixture is lighter, the image is brightened by reducing the contrast. And if the aperture color is darker, the image is dimmed by reducing the brightness.

Linear Light

Linear Light the blending mode raises or lowers the brightness level depending on whether the blending layer is light or dark, giving no contrast. This mode affects the brightness of the lower level.

Pin Light

Pin Light the blending mode depends on the blending color. This means that if the mixing colors are lighter or darker, it will replace the color information of the bottom layer. If the bottom layer is darker in darker areas or lighter, then no change will be seen. 

Hard Mix

Hard Mix mixing mode has no gradient or gradual color changes. Light areas are shown completely white, and dark areas are "burned". It basically displays only the base colors (red, blue, green, white, and black)

Inversion Mixing Modes

Investment blending modes require variations between the base (base) and the blend layer (blend) to create blending. 

Difference

Difference the blending mode looks at the color information on each channel and subtracts either the base color from the base color or the base color from the color mixture, whichever is higher. Mixing with white turns into basic colors, and mixing with black does not bring changes.

Exclusion

Exclusion mixing mode works similarly Difference regime, but does not produce such results. The reason is that it does not create as much contrast. Pure black areas do not cause changes. In essence, this mode subtracts the white layer from the bottom layer.

subtract

subtract the mixing mode subtracts the paint layer from the lower layer, ie. base. Pure black does not affect, because you can't take the color away from black and get something darker, so it fades.

Divide

Divide blending mode separates the aperture color from the base color. The result is a drastically illuminated image as a whole.

Component Mixing Modes

Mixing modes Component use different combinations of primary color components to mean saturation, hue, and brightness to create a mixture

Hue

Hue blending mode preserves the brightness and saturation of the base pixels, while accepting the hue of the blend pixels. That means Hue the mixing mode changes the shade of the lower layer, ie. bases in the shade of the upper layer, ie. layer of mixing, but leaves the brightness and saturation alone which means it does not affect them.

Saturation

Saturation mixing mode changes saturation (saturation) of the lower layer in the shade of the upper layer, but the light and the shade leave them alone, which means that it does not affect them.

Color

Color blending mode benefits color from aperture i.e. paint the mixture and use light from the base color. This means that this mode changes the hue and saturation from the lower layer, ie. bases in shade and saturation of the upper layer, ie. aperture, but the brightness of the base does not change.

Luminosity

Luminosity mixing mode all the details of the image from the aperture, ie. the upper layer shows the color from the base, ie. basic colors. This means that it changes the hue and saturation from the bottom layer to the hue and saturation of the top layer, but the light remains the same.

Work with Blend fashion-om is an important part Photoshop-a. Merging two images can be achieved with the right use of layer mixing. To get the desired result in working with Blend fashion-uu Photoshop-you should research and try different combinations of mixing. Sometimes and by chance come to an unexpected result. We hope to bring you closer to working with Blend fashion-om, it is up to you to find a result that will suit you. 

If you want to know what are the basic selection tools in Photoshop-u look here.

Made by Vladimir Bojić - Senior Graphic Designer @Digitizer